Dort waren die RAF-Mitglieder Ulrike Meinhof, Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin und Jan-Carl Raspe inhaftiert und begangen später Selbstmord. Detailgetreu ist. Doch Meinhof hatte sich längst mit der RAF verbündet und Baader konnte mit der Hilfe bewaffneter Gleichgesinnter befreit werden. Es war ein medienwirksamer. Links oben Baader und Meinhof: Angehörige der ersten RAF-Generation auf einem Fahndungsplakat aus dem Jahr Foto: Polizei/dpa.
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Die Rote Armee Fraktion war eine linksextremistische terroristische Vereinigung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Die RAF wurde anfangs als „Baader-Meinhof-Bande“ oder als Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe bezeichnet. Gebräuchlich ist seit etwa Mitte der er Jahre ihr selbst. RAF-Mitglieder der ersten Generation auf einem Fahndungsplakat von Andreas Baader, Ulrike Meinhof, Holger Klaus Meins, Gudrun. Dort waren die RAF-Mitglieder Ulrike Meinhof, Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin und Jan-Carl Raspe inhaftiert und begangen später Selbstmord. Detailgetreu ist. Auf dem Fahndungsplakat sind 19 Porträts von Mitgliedern der Baader/Meinhof-Bande abgebildet. Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe, Rote Armee Fraktion & Deutscher Herbst - Linker Terror in Frankfurt. Ausgangspunkt der sogenannten Stadtguerilla waren die. Links oben Baader und Meinhof: Angehörige der ersten RAF-Generation auf einem Fahndungsplakat aus dem Jahr Foto: Polizei/dpa.
Doch Meinhof hatte sich längst mit der RAF verbündet und Baader konnte mit der Hilfe bewaffneter Gleichgesinnter befreit werden. Es war ein medienwirksamer. Andreas Baader. (Moritz Bleibtreu), Journalistin Ulrike Meinhof (Martina Gedeck) und Gudrun Ensslin (Johanna Wokalek) erklären dem neuen Faschismus und. Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe, Rote Armee Fraktion & Deutscher Herbst - Linker Terror in Frankfurt. Ausgangspunkt der sogenannten Stadtguerilla waren die. The affair generated newspaper articles between July Baader Meinhof November RAF ist eine Weiterleitung auf diesen Artikel. Foreword by Daniel Cohn-Bendit. First published in and frequently reprinted. Der Marxismus lehnt den Terror … individuellen Terror und Terror kleiner Gruppen ohne Massenbasis als revolutionäre Waffe ab … Subjektiv ist Der Schmerz, dass sie ihre Aktion für eine politische Aktion halten und gehalten haben. Es wird aber bestritten, dass die Behörden von den Schusswaffen im Hochsicherheitstrakt wussten. Die Ausreise erfolgte in den Südjemen. Drei Wochen später wird dann deutlich, welche Konsequenzen diese Anime I Love You haben könnte. Ulrike Meinhof Elsterglanz Filme soll bei der Aktion Total Recall Überraschte spielen und fassungslos sitzen bleiben, damit sie später erklären könne, sie habe von nichts gewusst. Die RAF entwickelte theoretische Sinnsysteme, um Star Wars 2 Kinox für ihre Taten selbst zu ermächtigen und ihr Handeln zu legitimieren. Doch Meinhof hatte sich längst mit der RAF verbündet und Baader konnte mit der Hilfe bewaffneter Gleichgesinnter befreit werden. Es war ein medienwirksamer. The original leadership trio of the Rote Armee Fraktion (Red Army Faction, or RAF, also known as the Baader-Meinhof Group) have consequently been depicted. Stefan Aust - Der Baader Meinhof Komplex - Boulevardtheater Dresden BD. „Wer immer sich künftig über die RAF, ihre Ursprünge, ihre Struktur und ihre Figuren. Andreas Baader. (Moritz Bleibtreu), Journalistin Ulrike Meinhof (Martina Gedeck) und Gudrun Ensslin (Johanna Wokalek) erklären dem neuen Faschismus und.
It eventually turned out that the mustard gas canisters were merely misplaced; however, the Baader-Meinhof gang still successfully capitalized on the news by frightening several different agencies.
During the early s, German and French newspapers reported that the police had raided a Baader-Meinhof gang safe house in Paris and had found a makeshift laboratory that contained flasks full of Clostridium botulinum , which makes botulinum toxin.
These reports were later found to be incorrect; no such lab was ever found. On 30 July , Jürgen Ponto , the head of Dresdner Bank , was shot and killed in front of his house in Oberursel in a botched kidnapping.
Following the convictions, Hanns Martin Schleyer , a former officer of the SS who was then President of the German Employers' Association and thus one of the most powerful industrialists in West Germany was abducted in a violent kidnapping.
On 5 September , Schleyer's convoy was stopped by the kidnappers reversing a car into the path of Schleyer's vehicle, causing the Mercedes in which he was being driven to crash.
Once the convoy was stopped, five masked assailants immediately shot and killed three policemen and the driver and took Schleyer hostage. One of the group Sieglinde Hofmann produced her weapon from a pram she was pushing down the road.
A letter was then received by the federal government, demanding the release of eleven detainees, including those in Stammheim. A crisis committee was formed in Bonn , headed by Chancellor Helmut Schmidt , which, instead of acceding, resolved to employ delaying tactics to give the police time to discover Schleyer's location.
At the same time, a total communication ban was imposed on the prison inmates, who were now allowed visits only from government officials and the prison chaplain.
The crisis dragged on for more than a month, while the Bundeskriminalamt carried out its biggest investigation to date. The leader introduced himself to the passengers as "Captain Mahmud" who would be later identified as Zohair Youssef Akache.
The Bonn crisis team again decided not to give in. The plane flew on via Larnaca , then Dubai , and then to Aden , where flight captain Jürgen Schumann, whom the hijackers deemed not cooperative enough, was brought before an improvised "revolutionary tribunal" and executed on 16 October.
His body was dumped on the runway. The aircraft again took off, flown by the co-pilot Jürgen Vietor, this time headed for Mogadishu , Somalia.
A high-risk rescue operation was led by Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski , then undersecretary in the chancellor's office, who had been secretly flown in from Bonn.
All four hijackers were shot; three of them died on the spot. None of the passengers were seriously hurt and Wischnewski was able to phone Schmidt and tell the Bonn crisis team that the operation had been a success.
After the successful conclusion of the Landshut hostage crisis was announced in the late evening of 17 October, all the RAF members incarcerated in Stammheim committed suicide during the following night.
Their lawyer, Arndt Müller, had smuggled pistols into the prison. Irmgard Möller tried to kill herself with a knife, but survived severely injured.
The suicides went unnoticed until early next morning. Doctors were rushed in. Baader and Ensslin were already dead when found. Raspe was still alive and moved to the hospital where he died soon after.
Möller recovered after being brought to a hospital. The suicide of the imprisoned RAF leadership led to a significant media echo. The coordinated attempt sparked numerous conspiracy theories.
These theories were spread by RAF supporters and sympathizers; some of them even taken up by the mainstream press.
Available evidence shows that these suicides were planned and prepared for a long time by the RAF members. On the very same day, Hanns-Martin Schleyer was shot to death by his captors en route to Mulhouse , France.
On 19 October, Schleyer's kidnappers announced that he had been "executed" and pinpointed his location. After 43 days we have ended Hanns-Martin Schleyer's pitiful and corrupt existence His death is meaningless to our pain and our rage The struggle has only begun.
Freedom through armed, anti-imperialist struggle. The dissolution of the Soviet Union in late December was a serious blow to Leninist groups, but well into the s attacks were still being committed under the name RAF.
On 30 November , Deutsche Bank chairman Alfred Herrhausen was killed with a highly complex bomb when his car triggered a photo sensor in Bad Homburg.
On 1 April , Detlev Karsten Rohwedder , leader of the government Treuhand organization responsible for the privatization of the East German state economy, was shot and killed.
The assassins of Zimmermann, von Braunmühl, Herrhausen, and Rohwedder were never reliably identified. After German reunification in , it was confirmed that the RAF had received financial and logistic support from the Stasi , the security and intelligence organization of East Germany , which had given several members who had chosen to leave the group shelter and new identities.
This was already generally suspected at the time. Brigitte Mohnhaupt , Peter Boock, Rolf Wagner, and Sieglinde Hoffmann spent most of the year in SB facilities in Mazury district, where they were also going through series of training programs along with others from Arab countries.
To weaken the organization further the government declared that some RAF inmates would be released if the RAF refrained from violent attacks in the future.
Subsequently, the RAF announced their intention to "de-escalate" and refrain from significant activity. The last action taken by the RAF took place in with a bombing of a newly built prison in Weiterstadt by overcoming the officers on duty and planting explosives.
Although no one was seriously injured, this operation caused property damage amounting to million Deutschmarks over 50 million euros.
The last big action against the RAF took place on 27 June Due to a number of operational mistakes involving the various police services, German Minister of the Interior Rudolf Seiters took responsibility and resigned from his post.
On 20 April , an eight-page typewritten letter in German was faxed to the Reuters news agency, signed "RAF" with the machine-gun red star, declaring the group dissolved:.
Almost 28 years ago, on 14 May , the RAF arose in a campaign of liberation. Today we end this project. The urban guerrilla in the shape of the RAF is now history.
Mai , entstand in einer Befreiungsaktion die RAF. Heute beenden wir dieses Projekt. In , amidst widespread media controversy, German president Horst Köhler considered pardoning RAF member Christian Klar , who had filed a pardon application several years before.
On 7 May , pardon was denied; regular [e] parole was later granted on 24 November Police in Europe investigating the whereabouts of Ernst-Volker Staub, Burkhard Garweg and Daniela Klette stated that a search has been made in Spain, France and Italy  after initial reports suggested that they could be hiding in the Netherlands in after being suspected for masterminding robberies in supermarkets and cash transit vehicles in Wolfsburg , Bremen and Cremlingen between and The feature documentary Children of the Revolution tells Ulrike Meinhof's story from the perspective of her daughter, journalist and historian Bettina Röhl , while Andres Veiel 's feature film If Not Us, Who?
The remake of Suspiria features a secondary character attempting to run away to join the Red Army Faction, serving as a catalyst for the later events of the film.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Terrorist group in West-Germany. For other uses, see Baader-Meinhof disambiguation.
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Main article: German Autumn. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Joined the RAF in , For example, the 12 July "Theses on the Structure of Communist Parties , submitted to the Third Congress of the Comintern" states that "to carry out daily party work every member should as a rule belong to a small working group, a committee, a commission, a fraction, or a cell.
The Spectator. Defense Technical Information Center. Terrorism, A Very Short Introduction. Retrieved 11 February Grey Room , Winter , pp.
Vanity Fair. German History in Documents and Images. German Historical Institute. Retrieved 9 April Marighella summary on influence — retrieved 31 August ; Christopher C.
Ulrike Meinhof: Die Biography. Die Welt in German. Tucker, Jonathan B. In Pilch, Richard F. Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense. So macht Kommunismus Spass.
Dziennik Polski. BBC News. Der Tagesspiegel. Retrieved 23 April Retrieved 10 September Zeitgeschichte in Hessen in German. Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen.
Retrieved 26 March Archived from the original on 2 February Jones, and Ziad Haider eds. One Point Safe. New York: Doubleday.
Archived from the original on 3 December Archived from the original on 5 December Archived from the original on 26 June The New York Times.
PM Press. Retrieved 12 September Members of the Red Army Faction. Cold War. Arms race Nuclear arms race Space Race.
Gar Alperovitz Thomas A. Cull Willem Drees Robert D. Matlock Jr. Thomas J. Painter William B. Pickett Ronald E. Powaski Yakov M.
Rabkin Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. Category Commons Timeline List of conflicts. Categories : Red Army Faction. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. East Germany until West German Embassy siege , German Autumn.
The four militants escaped with , Deutschmarks. Frankfurt am Main. Bloomquist killed, 13 wounded. Augsburg and Munich.
Claimed by the Tommy Weissbecker Commando. His wife Gerta was driving the car and was wounded. Claimed by the Manfred Grashof commando. Bombing of the Axel Springer Verlag.
The building was not evacuated even though warnings about the bombing were made by the RAF. Ilse Stachowiak was involved in the bombing.
Woodward, Charles L. Peck and Captain Clyde R. Bonner , 5 wounded. Claimed by 15 July Commando in honour of Petra Schelm.
Executed by Irmgard Moeller. West German embassy siege , murder of Andreas von Mirbach and Dr. Heinz Hillegaart. Sprendlingen near Offenbach.
In a failed attack against the Giessen army base, the RAF sought to capture or destroy nuclear weapons present. Assassination of the federal prosecutor-general Siegfried Buback.
The driver and another passenger were also killed. Claimed by the Ulrike Meinhof Commando. This murder case was brought up again after the year commemoration in April when information from former RAF member Peter-Jürgen Boock surfaced in media reports.
Oberursel Taunus. The director of Dresdner Bank , Jürgen Ponto , is shot in his home during an attempted kidnapping. Ponto later dies from his injuries.
Cologne resp. Mulhouse , France. A forest near Dortmund . A shootout followed where one policeman Hans-Wilhelm Hans, 26  was shot dead, and one of the RAF members Knoll was wounded so badly that he would later die from his injuries.
Kerkrade , Netherlands . Dionysius de Jong 19 was shot to death, and Johannes Goemanns 24 later died of his wounds, when they were involved in a gunfight with RAF members Adelheid Schulz and Rolf Heissler  who were trying to cross the Dutch border illegally.
A land mine blew up under the bridge on which Haig's car was traveling, narrowly missing Haig's car and wounding three of his bodyguards in a following car.
The officer survived the attack with little injury. Unknown third party swinging a club was injured or killed. A large amount of blood and broken eyeglasses was found at the scene, none of the blood was from the victim.
Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Four civilians two adults and two children were killed the next day in an accidental shooting by American troops who had been placed on high alert after the attack.
They were guarding the NATO 2—3 Nuclear storage site at the time, and had been fired upon several times the night before by Christian Klar, when two US soldiers had been slightly wounded and one killed.
Unsuccessful attempt to bomb a school for NATO officers. The car bomb was discovered and defused. A total of ten incidents followed over the next month, against US, British, and French targets.
Ernst Zimmerman, head of the MTU is shot in the head in his home. Zimmermann died twelve hours later. The assassination was claimed by the Patsy O'Hara Commando.
Rhein-Main Air Base near Frankfurt. A Volkswagen Passat exploded in the parking lot across from the base commander's building. Air Force enlisted man.
A granite monument marks the spot where they died. Twenty people were also injured. Army Spec. Edward Pimental was kidnapped and killed the night before for his military ID card which was used to gain access to the base.
Birgit Hogefeld and Eva Haule have been convicted for their involvement in this event. Bad Homburg vor der Höhe. Bombing of the car carrying the chairman of Deutsche Bank Alfred Herrhausen killed.
The case remained open for a long time, as the advanced explosive method employed baffled German prosecutors, as it could not have been the work of guerrillas like the RAF.
Also, all suspects of the RAF were not charged due to alibis. However, the case received new light in late when German authorities learned that the Stasi , the former East German secret police, may have played a role in the assassination of Herrhausen, as the bombing method was exactly the same as one that had been developed by the Stasi.
Sniper attack on U. Embassy Chancery. Is it the song — or is it you? Baader-Meinhof phenomenon, or Baader-Meinhof effect, is when your awareness of something increases.
Why is your brain playing tricks on you? Your brain is simply reinforcing some newly acquired information. Other names for this are:.
You might also hear it called red or blue car syndrome and for good reason. There are no more red cars this week than there were last week.
Your brain has the job of deciding which things require focus and which can be filtered out. The scientific community is made up of human beings and, as such, they are not immune to frequency bias.
The frequency illusion can also cause problems within the legal system. Eyewitness accounts , for example, are often wrong.
Selective attention and confirmation bias can affect our recollections. You want your doctor to have lots of experience so they can interpret symptoms and test results.
To keep up with the practice of medicine, doctors pore over medical journals and research articles. On the other hand, this phenomenon can be a learning tool.
In , third-year medical student Kush Purohit wrote a letter to the editor of Academic Radiology to talk about his own experience on the matter.
Purohit suggested that taking advantage of psychological phenomena such as Baader-Meinhof could benefit students of radiology, helping them to learn basic search patterns as well as the skills to identify findings that others may overlook.
Or so some marketers believe. Maybe it actually is a new trend and lots of people are buying the product, or it could just seem that way.
According to Zwicky , the frequency illusion involves two processes. The first is selective attention, which is when you notice things that interest you most while disregarding the rest.
So, you probably wonder how the name of a terrorist gang became attached to the concept of frequency illusion.
Well, just as you might suspect, it appears that it was born of the phenomenon itself. It may go back to a discussion board in the mids, when someone became aware of the Baader-Meinhof gang, then heard several more mentions of it within a short period.
Lacking a better phrase to use, the concept simply became known as Baader-Meinhof phenomenon. And it stuck. There you have it. Baader-Meinhof phenomenon is when that thing you recently found out about is suddenly here, there, and everywhere.
But not really. A self-serving bias is a tendency to attribute positive effects to ourselves and negative effects to external factors.
Remember that time you credited….