Christopher Reeve hatte sich spätestens seit seiner Paraderolle als „Superman“ einen Ruf als einer der führenden Schauspieler der USA erworben. Seit er. Trotz seiner Lähmung gab Christopher Reeve nicht auf, und Tag um Tag schien es um den Ex-Superman besser bestellt zu sein. Mit dem kurzen Spielfilm "In der. christopher reeve alexandra reeve.
Christopher Reeve Superman und der Fluch der Rolle
Christopher D’Olier Reeve war ein US-amerikanischer Schauspieler, Regisseur und Autor. Er wurde ab durch die Darstellung des Comic-Helden Superman in vier Filmen bekannt. Ab war Reeve durch einen Unfall querschnittgelähmt, trat jedoch. Christopher D'Olier Reeve (* September in New York City; † Oktober in Mount Kisco, New York) war ein US-amerikanischer Schauspieler. Der Schauspieler Christopher Reeve („Superman“) erleidet einen Reitunfall. Bei diesem Unfall werden zwei Halswirbel gebrochen. Dadurch ist Reeve. Christopher Reeve fue un actor y director estadounidense mejor conocido por interpretar a Superman en cuatro películas realizadas entre y Mar 24, - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Christopher D'Olier Reeve (September 25, – October 10, ) was an American actor, film director. Trotz seiner Lähmung gab Christopher Reeve nicht auf, und Tag um Tag schien es um den Ex-Superman besser bestellt zu sein. Mit dem kurzen Spielfilm "In der. Christopher Reeve. Schauspieler • Producer • Regisseur • Drehbuchautor. Den in New York geborenen Schauspieler kennt jeder. Seine Titelrolle in der Comic.
Christopher Reeve hatte sich spätestens seit seiner Paraderolle als „Superman“ einen Ruf als einer der führenden Schauspieler der USA erworben. Seit er. Trotz seiner Lähmung gab Christopher Reeve nicht auf, und Tag um Tag schien es um den Ex-Superman besser bestellt zu sein. Mit dem kurzen Spielfilm "In der. Mar 24, - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Christopher D'Olier Reeve (September 25, – October 10, ) was an American actor, film director. Regarded as one of the most brilliant Canadian Fluch Der Karibik 4 Stream of his generation, Oscar-winner Christopher Plummer played Captain Von Trapp in the movie 'The Sound of Music,' among dozens of other Dragons 2 Stream. Christopher Reeve a meeting with John Houseman, Reeve was told, "Mr. At the Institute, one of his aides was a Jamaican man named Glenn "Juice" Miller, who helped him learn how to Favour Deutsch into the shower and how to use an electric sip-and-puff wheelchairwhich was activated by blowing air through a straw. It means spending time Fürth Kino about others. Kevin Healy. Through the Make-A-Wish Foundationhe Soul Eater Bs.To terminally ill children. Reeve became paralyzed from the neck Longbottom after the Homefront Stream Deutsch more like conspiracy, another reason to add horse to the dinner menu. In that episode, Dr. When he told her that he was currently shooting the version of Anna Kareninashe said, "Oh, that's a terrible mistake. Christopher Reeve hatte sich spätestens seit seiner Paraderolle als „Superman“ einen Ruf als einer der führenden Schauspieler der USA erworben. Seit er. Die nach ihm und seiner Frau benannte Christopher und Dana Reeve Stiftung in Short Hills (US-Bundesstaat New Jersey) fördert. Der US-Schauspieler Christopher Reeve ist im Alter von 52 Jahren gestorben. Der "Superman"-Darsteller war seit einem Reitunfall vor neun. christopher reeve alexandra reeve. Joey Lauren Adams. Dadurch ist Reeve vom Hals abwärts gelähmt, er kann nur noch den Sex Papenburg etwas drehen, braucht eine Beatmungshilfe Pur Plus Mediathek kann sich nur noch mittels Mikrophon mühsam artikulieren. Eric Dane. Gerne gesehen. Wahrscheinlich würde jeder verstehen, wenn Reeve resignierte. Karl Kranzkowski. Wie reagieren Menschen auf solche Situationen? Bill Murray.
They remained close friends for the remainder of his life. Williams helped pay his medical bills during his final years and dedicated his Cecil B. DeMille lifetime achievement award to Reeve.
After the critical and box-office failure of Superman III , he was reluctant to do a fourth Superman film, especially if it was going to be treated as a farce.
He eventually agreed to do it when the producers promised him story input and that they would finance a longtime pet project of his, the gritty crime drama Street Smart , in which he played an amoral reporter.
His close friend Jane Seymour used to call him Superfoot because of his tendency to step on her toes while filming their dance scenes from Somewhere in Time After he died, a number of memorial cartoons to commemorate his death were Superman-themed.
Many artists drew Reeve as Superman flying away from the wheelchair. In one picture, Superman came to Reeve's grave with flowers.
In another picture, a grief-stricken Superman reads the news of Reeve's death in the Daily Planet newspaper and says to the reader, "He was my hero.
He had incredible vision. He used his powers to save people. Nothing could stop him. And I think before that he acted in some Superman movies.
Took some criticism for his portrayal of Clark Kent Superman's alter ego as a weak, bumbling nerd. This characterization which he said was based on a younger Cary Grant , in Reeve's opinion, was necessary because he felt that there had to be some kind of a difference between Superman and Clark Kent, otherwise "it's just the same guy in glasses.
At the time of his death, he had regained partial movement in his fingers and toes, and said he could feel a pin prick anywhere on his body as well as differentiate hot and cold temperatures.
Had starred opposite Michael Keaton in the romantic comedy Speechless The character he portrayed on Smallville , Dr. Swann, was named after longtime Superman artist Curt Swan.
Hepburn became very fond of him, both as an actor and as a person, and teased him that he would take care of her when she retired.
His degree was accepted by Stony Brook graduate student Brooke Ellison , whose life and struggle against paralysis was the subject of a television movie directed by the late actor just before his death in Attended Juilliard with actor Kevin Conroy , who later went on to provide the voice of Batman for the animated Bruce Timm series.
Was slated to direct a fifth Superman film featuring a new actor in the lead role if the fourth film was successful.
Since the fourth film did poorly at the box office, the fifth film never materialized. The Smallville episode "Devoted" was dedicated to his memory, with the caption at the end of the credits reading: "He made us believe a man could fly.
A picture of him as Superman appears at the end credits of National Lampoon's European Vacation Wore nearly 25 different Superman costumes for Superman , some of which were specifically for walking and others that were for flying, and some of which were turquoise for blue screen shots in order to balance out the blue of the uniform.
January He was decorated by the Chilean government for his humanitarian work, with the Bernardo O'Higgins Order, by the Chilean chancellor in his home in New York.
He went to Chile in during the military dictatorship to support about 80 Chilean artists actors and directors whose lives were threatened by the death squads of dictator Augusto Pinochet.
The next day, the company was flooded with phone calls from people asking how they had cured him. As a relatively unknown actor at the time, he was given third billing, and a post title credit, behind Marlon Brando and Gene Hackman in Superman , then given second billing behind Hackman in Superman II before achieving top billing in the third film.
He claimed that watching it helped him through his physical therapy. Was only 24 years old when he was cast by Richard Donner in Superman , making him the youngest actor ever to play the part of Superman.
While Reeve was filming Somewhere in Time , the local theater decided to show his breakout hit Superman Many Somewhere in Time cast members joined locals for the event.
Early into the screening, the sound went out. Reeve, who was seated next to co-star Jane Seymour , stood up in the audience and delivered all the lines.
He's taking over. At the height of his popularity as Superman, a group of children who recognized him in a park purposefully threw their Frisbee over a fence and then asked him to fly after it.
Trying hard not to hurt their feelings, Reeve replied he couldn't fly after the Frisbee because his cape was in the washer, so they settled for him just reaching over the fence and handing it back to them.
Godfather and namesake of Christopher Keach, Jane Seymour 's son. Following Superman , he was offered a number of scripts for action films, one of which he claims was a script for a film about the Viking Eric the Red.
He turned them down because he felt they didn't require much in the way of acting. Instead, he chose Somewhere in Time as his first post-Superman film, against the advice of his agent, because he liked the script and the character.
Was the very first caller into Dr. Frasier Crane's radio show on the situation comedy Frasier Was a licensed hang glider pilot. This proved useful during the making of Superman , as his knowledge of how flying works allowed him to create distinctive movements for Superman during the flight scenes.
Was offered Richard Gere 's role in Pretty Woman When he went in to do a reading, he was not given actress Julia Roberts to read with, but the casting director, giving a half hearted effort at best.
Reeve felt this was extremely unprofessional and chose not to do the film. Volume 7, , pages He had a love of Scotland and its countryside.
He often visited Scotland with his family. Received a two-minute standing ovation at the 68th Annual Academy Awards in He was introducing a film montage recognizing how Hollywood has tackled social issues.
Said he had originally planned for to be his comeback year, with lead roles in Village of the Damned and Above Suspicion and other major roles in the works, including a film reuniting him with director Richard Donner.
Unfortunately, his comeback was cut short by his tragic horseriding accident. He was the first actor to play Superman who was born after the character was created in Before , he held the record for playing the same comic book character more times than any other actor.
Reeve does still have the honor of playing a titular hero more times though. He was the first and, so far, only actor to play a DC Comics title character Superman in more than three films.
Had twice played a character who traveled back in time for a woman that he loved: Superman and Somewhere in Time Had played a playwright in both Somewhere in Time and Deathtrap Had he gotten it, he would have been the only American as of to have that role, although he was of English, and small amounts of Irish and Welsh, ancestry.
An actor best known to play Superman, he was born on the same year and the same month that the pilot episode of Adventures of Superman first aired.
Casting directors were reportedly not impressed with many of his early auditions and screen tests, including the ones for Superman, due to his acting style being radically different from many other popular actors of the day.
Close friend Robin Williams dedicated his winning of the Cecil B. DeMille award to Reeve, Was the second of three male Reeves' genetically in a row, after his own father F.
Reeve and before his first son, Matthew Reeve , to be 6'4" tall. Additionally, his daughter, Alexandra Reeve Givens is 6'0" tall, a height which is considered extraordinarily tall for a woman.
Shares a birthday with Will Smith and both have played super heroes. Smith in Hancock and Reeve in Superman Shares a birthday with Will Smith who also played a super hero: Namely, Hancock In an interview he gave about the upcoming "Superman II" movie, Christopher Reeve revealed how he had been associated with different repertory companies whilst in England.
He had suffered from alopecia areata, a disease which causes hair loss, since the age of sixteen and often combed over bald spots before shaving his head in his final years.
Reeve was offered the part of primary antagonist Mason Verger in Hannibal Not having read the novel, Reeve was initially enthusiastic about the opportunity.
However, upon realizing that Verger was a quadriplegic, facially disfigured child rapist, Reeve withdrew from the project in disgust.
Either you decide to stay in the shallow end of the pool or you go out in the ocean. What makes Superman a hero is not that he has power, but that he has the wisdom and the maturity to use the power wisely.
From an acting point of view, that's how I approached the part. A hero is an ordinary individual who finds the strength to persevere and endure in spite of overwhelming obstacles.
I laughed for the first time, and I knew that life was going to be okay. I have seen first-hand how Superman actually transforms people's lives.
I have seen children dying of brain tumors who wanted as their last request to be able to talk to me, and have gone to their graves with a peace brought on by knowing that their belief in this kind of character is intact.
Reeve was very excited and kept re-reading the letter to make sure of what it said. Reeve was impatient with school and anxious to get on with his career.
The two met, but Reeve was surprised to find that Hesseltine strongly supported his promise to his mother and step-father to complete college.
They decided that instead of dropping out of school, Reeve would come to New York once a month to meet casting agents and producers to find work for the summer vacation.
Reeve received favorable responses to his introductions and auditions arranged by Hesseltine but had to forgo several desirable opportunities because they began before school ended.
That summer, he toured in a production of Forty Carats with Eleanor Parker. Before his third year of college, Reeve took a three-month leave of absence.
He flew to Glasgow and saw theatrical productions throughout the United Kingdom. The actors inspired him, and he often had conversations with them in bars after the performances.
He helped actors at the Old Vic with their American accents by reading the newspaper aloud for them. He then flew to Paris, where he spoke fluent French for his entire stay: he had studied it from third grade until his second year in Cornell.
He watched many performances and immersed himself in the culture before finally returning to New York to reunite with his girlfriend.
After returning to the U. He managed to convince theater director Jim Clause and the dean of the College of Arts and Sciences that, as a theater major, he would achieve more at Juilliard Group 4 , — in New York City than at Cornell.
They agreed that his first year at Juilliard would be counted as his senior year at Cornell. In , approximately 2, students auditioned for 20 places in the freshman class at Juilliard.
In their dialects class with Edith Skinner, Williams had no trouble mastering all dialects naturally, whereas Reeve was more meticulous about it.
Williams and Reeve developed a close friendship. In a meeting with John Houseman, Reeve was told, "Mr.
It is terribly important that you become a serious classical actor. Unless, of course, they offer you a shitload of money to do something else.
Reeve declined, as he had not yet received his bachelor's degree from Juilliard. In one performance, Reeve, who played the hero, drew his sword out too high and accidentally destroyed a row of lights above him.
The students applauded and cheered. Reeve later said that this was the greatest ovation of his career. In late , he auditioned for the Broadway play A Matter of Gravity.
Katharine Hepburn watched his audition and cast him as her character's grandson in the play. With Hepburn's influence over the CBS network, Reeve worked out the schedules of the soap opera Love of Life and the play so that he would be able to do both.
Because of his busy schedule, he ate candy bars and drank coffee in place of meals and hence suffered from exhaustion and malnutrition.
On the first night of the play's run, Reeve entered the stage, said his first line, and then promptly fainted. Hepburn turned to the audience and said, "This boy's a goddamn fool.
He doesn't eat enough red meat. The doctor advised Reeve to eat a more healthy diet. He stayed with the play throughout its year-long run and was given very favorable reviews.
Reeve and Hepburn became very close. She said, "You're going to be a big star, Christopher, and support me in my old age. Reeve said, "She was sixty-seven and I was twenty-two, but I thought that was quite an honor I believe I was fairly close to what a child or grandchild might have been to her.
When the play moved to Los Angeles in , Reeve—to Hepburn's disappointment—dropped out. They stayed in touch for years after the play's run.
Reeve later regretted not staying closer and just sending messages back and forth. Reeve's first role in a Hollywood film was a very small part as a junior submarine officer in the naval disaster movie Gray Lady Down.
Through Stalmaster's persistent pleading, a meeting between director Richard Donner , producer Ilya Salkind , and Reeve was arranged. He was thrilled that the script took the subject matter seriously, and that Richard Donner's motto was verisimilitude.
Reeve still did not think he had much of a chance. On the plane ride to London, he imagined how his approach to the role would be. He later said, "By the late s, the masculine image had changed Now it was acceptable for a man to show gentleness and vulnerability.
I felt that the new Superman ought to reflect that contemporary male image. After the screen test, his driver said, "I'm not supposed to tell you this, but you've got the part.
Portraying Superman would be a stretch for the year-old actor. Reeve went through an intense two-month training regimen that former British weightlifting champion David Prowse supervised.
The training regimen consisted of running in the morning, followed by two hours of weightlifting and ninety minutes on the trampoline.
Reeve was never a Superman or comic book fan, though he had watched Adventures of Superman starring George Reeves. Reeve found the role offered a suitable challenge because it was a dual role.
He said, "there must be some difference stylistically between Clark and Superman. Otherwise, you just have a pair of glasses standing in for a character.
Mankiewicz then corrected Reeve, telling him that he was always, always playing Superman and that when he was Clark Kent, he was "playing Superman who was playing Clark Kent.
The film, made without the use of computers for special effects, was the first that attempted to realistically show a person flying. We discovered very early on that he, being a glider pilot , could hold his body aerodynamically.
So when he got into the harness, the whole shot began to come alive. He was very aware of that and very happy with that role. Reeve used his celebrity status for several philanthropic causes.
Through the Make-A-Wish Foundation , he visited terminally ill children. He joined the Board of Directors for the worldwide charity Save the Children.
In , he served as a track and field coach at the Special Olympics alongside O. Much of Superman II was filmed at the same time as the first film.
In fact, the original plan had been for the film to be a single three-hour epic comprising both parts. After most of the footage had been shot, the producers had a disagreement with director Richard Donner over various matters, including money and special effects, and they mutually agreed to part ways.
Lester had the script changed and re-shot some footage. The cast was unhappy, but Reeve later said that he liked Lester and considered Superman II to be his favorite of the series.
Lester directed Superman III , released in , solo. Reeve believed that producers Alexander Salkind , his son Ilya Salkind , and Pierre Spengler decreased the credibility of Superman III by turning it into a Richard Pryor comedy and hence making it a not very good film.
Any negative review for Superman III , however, was nothing compared to the totally negative reception its successor would receive.
The nuclear disarmament plot was his idea. Cannon Films purchased the production rights to the character of Superman from Alexander Salkind and his son Ilya Salkind , the original producers of the film series, in the mids.
The film was both a critical failure and a box-office disappointment , becoming the lowest-grossing Superman film to date.
Reeve later said, "the less said about Superman IV the better. Reeve would have made a fifth Superman film after the rights to the character reverted to Alexander Salkind , Ilya Salkind , and Pierre Spengler if said film had a budget the same size as that of Superman: The Movie.
Although there was potential for such a film in the late s after Cannon Films went bankrupt , Reeve never received any script.
In , two years before Reeve's accident, the Salkinds sold the rights to the character of Superman again, this time to Warner Bros.
Reeves's [sic] accident, it never saw the light of day. The film was shot on Mackinac Island using the Grand Hotel in mid, and was Reeve's favorite film ever to shoot.
After the film was completed, the plan was for a limited release and to build word of mouth, but early test screenings were favorable and the studio decided on a wide release, which ultimately proved to be the wrong strategy.
Early reviews savaged the film as overly sentimental and melodramatic, and an actors' strike prevented Reeve and Seymour from doing publicity.
The film, commercially unsuccessful, was Reeve's first public disappointment. However, almost 10 years after Somewhere in Time was released, at a time when other period films were beginning to be made, it became a cult film favorite, thanks to screenings on cable networks and video rentals ; its popularity began to grow, vindicating the belief of the creative team.
Jane Seymour became a personal friend of Reeve and in named one of her twin sons Kristopher in his honor. Reeve denied being Superman but displayed the superpowers throughout that entire episode.
He then returned to continue filming on the not yet finished production of Superman II. Soon after, Reeve grew tired of Hollywood and took the family to Williamstown, Massachusetts , where he played the lead in the successful play The Front Page , directed by Robert Allan Ackerman.
In Reeve stretched his acting range further and played a devious novice playwright with questionable motives regarding his lover and mentor Michael Caine , in Sidney Lumet 's suspenseful dark comedy film Deathtrap , based on the play by Ira Levin.
The film was well received. Reeve felt this gave him the opportunity to play "a morally ambiguous character who was neither clearly good nor clearly bad, someone to whom life is much more complex than the characters I've played previously".
He said "the movie is sort of a series of outrageous incidents that you find hard to believe. Since they don't have a focus, and since they aren't justified and explained, they become laughable".
Though Reeve ordinarily commanded over one million dollars per film, the producers could only afford to pay him one-tenth of that.
Reeve had no complaints, as he was happy to be doing a role of which he could be proud. The film exceeded expectations and performed well at the box office for what was considered to be an art house film.
The New York Times called it "the best adaptation of a literary work yet made for the screen. When he told her that he was currently shooting the version of Anna Karenina , she said, "Oh, that's a terrible mistake.
Reeve was a licensed pilot and flew solo across the Atlantic twice. During the filming of Superman III , he raced his sailplane in his free time.
They let him participate in mock dogfights in vintage World War I combat planes. The producers of the film The Aviator approached him without knowing that he was a pilot and that he knew how to fly a Stearman , the plane used in the film.
Reeve readily accepted the role. The film was shot in Kranjska Gora , and Reeve performed all his own stunts. In , Reeve hosted the television documentary Dinosaur!
Fascinated with dinosaurs since he was a child, as he says in the documentary, he flew himself to New York in his own plane to shoot on location at the American Museum of Natural History.
In , he was still struggling to find scripts that he liked. A script named Street Smart had been lying in his house for years, and after re-reading it, he had Cannon Films green-light it.
He starred opposite Morgan Freeman , who was nominated for his first Academy Award for the film. The film received excellent reviews but performed poorly at the box office, possibly because Cannon Films had failed to properly advertise it.
He was given a lead in Switching Channels. Burt Reynolds and Kathleen Turner had a feud during filming, which made the time even more unbearable for Reeve.
Reeve later stated that he made a fool of himself in the film and that most of his time was spent refereeing between Reynolds and Turner.
The film did poorly, and Reeve believed that it marked the end of his movie star career. He spent the next years mostly doing plays.
He auditioned for the Richard Gere role in Pretty Woman but walked out on the audition because they had a half-hearted casting director fill in for Julia Roberts.
In the late s, Reeve became more active. He was taking horse-riding lessons and trained five to six days a week for competition in combined training events.
The script was one of the best he had read, and he unhesitatingly took the part. The film was deemed an instant classic and was nominated for eight Academy Awards.
In the early s, Reeve was in three roles for television in which he was cast as a villain. The movie received fair to positive reviews. This meant moving to Los Angeles, which would place him even further from his children, who lived in London.
In Massachusetts, Reeve could take a Concorde and see them anytime. He declined the offers. Reeve did not mind making trips, however; he went to New Mexico to shoot Speechless , co-starring Michael Keaton.
Reeve then went to Point Reyes to shoot John Carpenter 's film Village of the Damned , a remake of a British movie of the same name. Both of these films with this title were based on the novel The Midwich Cuckoos by John Wyndham.
He did research at a rehabilitation hospital in Van Nuys and learned how to use a wheelchair to get in and out of cars. In , Reeve was offered the lead in Kidnapped.
He also planned to direct his first big screen film, a romantic comedy entitled Tell Me True. Both plans were cancelled as a result of the horseback riding accident in that left him paralyzed.
He then acted in a small role in the film A Step Towards Tomorrow. Dana Reeve said, "There's such a difference in his outlook, his health, his overall sense of well-being when he's working at what he loves, which is creative work.
On February 25, , Reeve appeared in the television series Smallville as Dr. Swann in the episode " Rosetta ". In that episode, Dr. Swann brings to Clark Kent Tom Welling information about where he comes from and how to use his powers for the good of mankind.
At the end of this episode, Reeve and Welling appeared in a short spot inviting people to support the Christopher Reeve Paralysis Foundation.
This book is shorter than Still Me and focuses on Reeve's world views and the life experiences that helped him shape them.
The film is based on the true story of Brooke Ellison , the first quadriplegic to graduate from Harvard University. It was one of his dream projects and he died during the middle of production for the film.
His wife Dana helped out, and his son Will was a cast member in the film. Following the first Superman movie, Reeve realized that Hollywood producers wanted him to be an action star.
He later said, "I found most of the scripts of that genre poorly constructed, and I felt the starring roles could easily be played by anyone with a strong physique.
After considering it, Reeve decided that he would be miscast, and the film was eventually made with Mel Gibson.
While filming the first two Superman movies in England, Reeve began a ten-year relationship with Gae Exton. Both were born in London, England.
Matthew and Alexandra remained in London with their mother but often spent their holidays with Reeve. In June of , Reeve went to Williamstown for its annual theatre festival.
There, he met his future wife Dana Morosini , who was a singer with a group called the Cabaret Corps. In , Reeve and Dana Morosini almost broke up.
They had been dating for four years and were living together but Reeve, remembering his parents' painful divorce and other failed marriages in his family, could not bring himself to commit.
He began about a year of therapy, primarily to talk through his fears about marriage, and one night during dinner "just put down my fork and asked her to marry me.
Shortly before Reeve's injury in May , the couple were planning to try to have a second child. Reeve began his involvement in horse riding in after learning to ride for the film Anna Karenina.
He was initially allergic to horses, so he took antihistamines. He trained on Martha's Vineyard , and by , he began eventing.
His allergies soon disappeared. Reeve purchased a year-old American thoroughbred horse named Eastern Express, nicknamed "Buck" while filming Village of the Damned.
He trained with Buck in and planned to do Training Level events in and move up to Preliminary in Though Reeve had originally signed up to compete at an event in Vermont , his coach invited him to go to the Commonwealth Dressage and Combined Training Association finals at the Commonwealth Park equestrian center in Culpeper, Virginia.
Reeve finished in fourth place out of 27 in the dressage , before walking his cross-country course. He was concerned about jumps 16 and 17 but paid little attention to the third jump, which was a routine three-foot-three fence shaped like the letter 'W'.
On May 27, , Reeve's horse made a refusal. Witnesses said that the horse began the third fence jump and suddenly stopped.
Reeve fell forward off the horse, holding on to the reins. His hands somehow became tangled in the reins, and the bridle and bit were pulled off the horse.
He landed head first on the far side of the fence, shattering his first and second vertebrae. This cervical spinal injury , which paralyzed him from the neck down,  also halted his breathing.
Paramedics arrived three minutes later and immediately took measures to get air into his lungs. He was taken first to the local hospital, before being flown by helicopter to the University of Virginia Medical Center.
After five days in which Reeve was heavily medicated and delirious , he regained full consciousness. His doctor explained to him that his first and second cervical vertebrae had been destroyed and his spinal cord damaged.
However, he had not sustained any brain damage. Reeve's first thoughts when informed about the seriousness of his injury was that he had ruined his life, would be a burden on his family, and that it might be best to "slip away".
He mouthed to Dana, "Maybe we should let me go. But I want you to know that I'll be with you for the long haul, no matter what.
You're still you. And I love you. After this conversation, and visits from his children in which he saw how much they needed him, Reeve consented to lifesaving surgery and to treatment for pneumonia.
Reeve went through inner anguish in the ICU , particularly when he was alone during the night. His approaching operation to reattach his skull to his spine in June "was frightening to contemplate.
I already knew that I had only a fifty-fifty chance of surviving the surgery. Then, at an especially bleak moment, the door flew open and in hurried a squat fellow with a blue scrub hat and a yellow surgical gown and glasses, speaking in a Russian accent.
It was Robin Williams , reprising his character from the film Nine Months. Reeve wrote: "For the first time since the accident, I laughed.
My old friend had helped me know that somehow I was going to be okay. John A. Jane performed surgery to repair Reeve's neck vertebrae.
He put wires underneath both laminae and used bone from Reeve's hip to fit between the C1 and C2 vertebrae. He inserted a titanium pin and fused the wires with the vertebrae, then drilled holes in Reeve's skull and fitted the wires through to secure the skull to the spinal column.
He was given several blood transfusions in the first few weeks because of very low hemoglobin and protein levels.