Die er waren das neunte Jahrzehnt des Jahrhunderts und dauerten von bis Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für eighties im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. eighties Bedeutung, Definition eighties: 1. A person's eighties are the period in which they are aged between 80 and 2. the range of.
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cyberpejsek.eu | Übersetzungen für 'eighties' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Die er waren das neunte Jahrzehnt des Jahrhunderts und dauerten von bis Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für eighties im Online-Wörterbuch cyberpejsek.eu (Deutschwörterbuch). the eighties (auch: 80s) Pl. die Achtzigerjahre auch: achtziger Jahre, 80er Jahre, 80er-Jahre Pl. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für eighties im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. eighties Bedeutung, Definition eighties: 1. A person's eighties are the period in which they are aged between 80 and 2. the range of. Seit den achtziger Jahren hat er mit vielen Grössen wie z.B. Cecil Taylor oder Fred Frith gearbeitet. Since the eighties, Piotr Sommer has taught regularly at.
the eighties (auch: 80s) Pl. die Achtzigerjahre auch: achtziger Jahre, 80er Jahre, 80er-Jahre Pl. [ ] the administration in the late eighties and early nineties and other ethnically-motivated [ ]. Seit den achtziger Jahren hat er mit vielen Grössen wie z.B. Cecil Taylor oder Fred Frith gearbeitet. Since the eighties, Piotr Sommer has taught regularly at.
Commodore 64 , with sales estimated at more than 17 million units in — became the best-selling computer model of all time.
The Macintosh K , the first commercially successful personal computer to use a graphical user interface, was introduced to the public in Walkman and boomboxes , invented during the late s, became very popular as they were introduced to various countries in the early s, and had a profound impact on the Music industry and youth culture.
In addition, in the early s various companies began selling compact, modestly priced synthesizers to the public. This, along with the development of Musical Instrument Digital Interface MIDI , made it easier to integrate and synchronize synthesizers and other electronic instruments, like drum machines, for use in musical composition.
High definition television HDTV of both the analog and digital variety were first developed in the s though their use did not become widespread until the mids.
In , Hayes Microcomputer Products started selling the Smartmodem. The Smartmodem paved the way for the modern modems that exists today, mainly because it was the first modem to transform what had previously required a two-stage process into a process involving only one stage.
The Smartmodem contributed to the rise in popularity of BBS systems in the 80s and early 90s, which were the main way to connect to remote computers and perform various social and entertainment activities before the Internet and the World Wide Web finally became popular in the mids.
During the decade the standardization of Group 3 facsimile terminals by the International Telecommunication Union contributed to the significant spread of the fax machine.
VHS won out over the competing Betamax standard, becoming the leading standard in home video systems. Hayes 's Smartmodem. The most basic CD was first introduced in October for the purpose of distribution and listening to digital audio.
In , Microsoft introduced the MS-DOS operating system, which would become the world's most widely used operating system in the s and first half of the s.
In , the British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee first proposed the World Wide Web , which he would develop in the coming years.
American interplanetary probes continued in the s, the Voyager duo being the most known. After making a flyby of Jupiter in , they went near Saturn in — Voyager 2 reached Uranus in just a few days before the Challenger disaster , and Neptune in before the probes exited the solar system.
No American probes were launched to Mars in the s, and the Viking probes, launched there in , completed their operations by The Soviets launched two Mars probes in , but they failed.
After a six-year hiatus, American space flights with astronauts resumed with the launch of the space shuttle Columbia in April The shuttle program progressed smoothly from there, with three more orbiters entering service in — But that all came to an end with the tragic loss of the Challenger STSL on January 28, , taking with it seven astronauts, including Christa McAuliffe, who was to have been the first teacher in space.
In full view of the world, a faulty O-ring on the right solid rocket booster allowed hot gases to burn through the external fuel tank and cause it to explode, destroying the shuttle in the process.
Extensive efforts were made to improve NASA 's increasingly careless management practices, and to make the shuttle safer. Flights resumed with the launch of Discovery in September The Soviet program with cosmonauts went well during the decade, experiencing only minor setbacks.
The Salyut 6 space station, launched in , was replaced by Salyut 7 in Then came Mir in , which ended up operating for more than a decade, and was destined to be the last in the line of Soviet space stations that had begun in One of the Soviet Union's last "superprojects" was the Buran space shuttle ; it was only used once, in The American auto industry began the s in a thoroughly grim situation, faced with poor quality control, rising import competition, and a severe economic downturn.
But the auto makers recovered with the economy by , and in auto sales in the United States hit a new record.
However, the Japanese were now a major presence, and would begin manufacturing cars in the US to get around tariffs.
In , Hyundai became the first Korean auto maker to enter the American market. In the same year, the Yugoslavian-built Yugo was brought to the US, but the car was so small and cheap, that it became the subject of jokes.
It was sold up to , when economic sanctions against Yugoslavia forced its withdrawal from the American market. As the decade progressed, cars became smaller and more efficient in design.
In , Ford design teams began to incorporate aerodynamic styling to decrease drag while in motion. The Thunderbird was one of the first cars to receive these design changes.
In , Ford released the Taurus with a design that was revolutionary among domestic mass market automobiles.
General Motors began suffering significant losses in the late s, partially the result of chairman Roger Smith's restructuring attempts, and partially because of increasingly dated cars.
An example were customers who increasingly purchased European luxury cars rather than Cadillacs.
In , GM started Saturn the first new American make since the Edsel , with the goal of producing high-quality import fighters.
Production would not begin until Chrysler introduced its new compact, front-wheel drive K-cars in Under the leadership of Lee Iacocca, the company turned a profit again the following year, and by paid off its government loans.
A succession of models using this automobile platform followed. The most significant were the minivans in These proved a to be popular and they would dominate the van market for more than a decade.
In , Chrysler purchased the Italian makes of Lamborghini and Maserati. Production of the gull-winged sports car began in Northern Ireland in John DeLorean was arrested in October in a sting operation where he was attempting to sell cocaine to save his struggling company.
He was acquitted of all charges in , but too late for the DeLorean Motor Company, which closed down in The DeLorean gained renewed fame afterward as the time machine in the Back to the Future film trilogy.
The imposition of CAFE fuel-mileage standards in spelled the end of big-block engines, but performance cars and convertibles reemerged in the s.
Turbochargers were widely used to boost the performance of small cars, and technology from fuel injection began to take over from the widely used application of carburetors by the late s.
Front-wheel drive also became dominant. The Eighties marked the decline of European brands in North America by the end of the decade.
Renault , Citroen , and Peugeot ceased importation by the end of the decade. Alfa Romeo would continue until Fiat also ceased imports to North America in the Eighties.
The most prominent events and trends in popular culture of the decade particularly in the Anglosphere include:. In the United States, MTV was launched and music videos began to have a larger effect on the record industry.
New wave and synthpop were developed by many British and American artists, and became popular phenomena throughout the decade, especially in the early and mid s.
Music grew fragmented and combined into subgenres such as house, goth, and rap metal. The advent of numerous new technologies had a significant impact on s music, and led to a distinct production aesthetic that included synthesizer sounds, drum machines and drum reverb.
Michael Jackson was one of the icons of the s and his leather jacket , glove , and Moonwalk dance were often imitated. Jackson's album Thriller became—and currently remains—the best-selling album of all time , with sales estimated by various sources as somewhere between 65 and million copies worldwide.
His album Bad sold over 45 million copies and became the first album to have 5 number 1 singles chart on the Billboard Hot Jackson had the most number-one singles throughout the decade 9 , and spent the most weeks at 1 27 weeks.
Jackson earned numerous awards and titles during the s, the most notable of which were a record 8 Grammy Awards and 8 American Music Awards in , and the honor of Artist of the Decade by U.
President George H. Jackson was arguably the biggest star during this time, and would eventually sell more than 1 billion records around the world.
Prince was a popular star of the s and the most successful chart act of the decade. His breakthrough album , released in , produced three top-ten hits and the album itself charted at No 9.
His sixth studio album Purple Rain was an international success, boosting Prince to superstardom and selling over 25 million copies worldwide.
The album produced the US No 1. Prince released an album every year for the rest of the decade, all charting within the Top 10, with the exception of Lovesexy.
In the s , he infamously changed his name to an unpronounceable symbol in response to a record dispute with Warner Brothers. He went on to sell over million records worldwide and win seven Grammy Awards.
Madonna and Whitney Houston were groundbreaking female artists of the decade. After the s, electronic instruments continued to be the main component of mainstream pop.
By , the hip hop scene had evolved, gaining recognition and exhibiting a stronger influence on the music industry. This time period is also considered part of the golden age of hip hop.
Country music catapulted into a new realm of popularity with youth appeal and record-breaking marks. Groundbreaking artists such as Alabama , Hank Williams, Jr.
The techno style of electronic dance music emerged in Detroit , Michigan , during the mid- to late s. The house music style, another form of electronic dance music, emerged in Chicago , Illinois , in the early s.
It eventually reached Europe before becoming infused in mainstream pop and dance music worldwide. Punk rock continued to make strides in the musical community.
College rock caught on in the underground scene of the s in a nationwide movement with a distinct D. Y approach. Bands like the Pixies , R.
Several notable music artists died of unnatural causes in the s. English drummer John Bonham of the rock band Led Zeppelin also died that year in similar fashion.
Tim Hardin died of a heroin overdose on December 29, Bob Marley died from a lentiginous skin melanoma on May 11, Harry Chapin died of a car accident on July 16, Marvin Gaye was shot dead by his father at his home in Los Angeles on April 1, , one day before what would have been his 45th birthday.
Ozzy Osbourne's guitarist Randy Rhoads died in an airplane crash on March 19, Karen Carpenter died from heart failure caused by her anorexia condition on February 4, Metallica bassist Cliff Burton was killed in a bus accident in Sweden on September 27, Andy Gibb died in as a result of myocarditis.
In , the supergroup Band Aid was formed to raise aid and awareness of the economic plight of Ethiopia. In 's Live Aid concert, featuring many artists, promoted attention and action to send food aid to Ethiopia whose people were suffering from a major famine.
The s saw the return of studio-driven films, coming from the filmmaker-driven New Hollywood era of the s. The modern Hollywood blockbuster is the most popular film format from the s.
Producer Don Simpson  is usually credited with the creation of the high-concept picture of the modern Hollywood blockbuster.
In the mid s, a wave of British directors, including Ridley Scott , Alan Parker , Adrian Lyne and Tony Scott with the latter directing a number of Don Simpson films ushered in a new era of blockbusters using the crowd-pleasing skills they had honed in UK television commercials.
The s also saw the golden age of " teen flicks " and also spawned the Brat Pack films, many of which were directed by John Hughes. Other popular films included About Last Night Horror films were a popular genre during the decade, with several notable horror franchises being born during the s.
Aside from these films, the concept of the B horror film gave rise to a plethora of horror films that went on to earn a cult status.
Comedy horror films such as Beetlejuice and Gremlins also gained cult status. Several action film franchises were also launched during the s.
Other action films from the decade which are of notable status include The Terminator , Aliens , Predator , and RoboCop. On the other side of the globe, Hong Kong action cinema was being revolutionized by a new wave of inventive filmmakers that includes Jackie Chan , Tsui Hark , and John Woo.
A significant development in the home media business is the establishment of The Criterion Collection in , an American company "dedicated to gathering the greatest films from around the world and publishing them in editions that offer the highest technical quality".
Although animated feature films did not gained mainstream popularity until the mid to lates due to public preference of TV animation, some important films were produced during the decade.
At the same time, the Disney studio wasn't having good times and almost bankrupted after The Black Cauldron bombed at the box office.
However, in later years, they slowly recovered with the modest success of Ron Clements and John Musker directed The Great Mouse Detective and eventually regained public confidence following the release of The Little Mermaid.
The '80s also saw a surge of Japanese anime films : Hayao Miyazaki 's Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind was extremely successful enough to lead the foundation of Studio Ghibli which would then produce several successful films of the decade including Castle in the Sky , My Neighbor Totoro , Grave of the Fireflies and Kiki's Delivery Service.
Additionally, the first-ever theatrical animated franchise: the Doraemon film series based on the anime and manga series of the same name began in with the release of Doraemon: Nobita's Dinosaur.
MTV was launched in the United States in and had a profound impact on the music industry and popular culture further ahead, especially during its early run in the s and early s.
The s was a decade of transformation in television. Cable television became more accessible and therefore, more popular.
Pac-Man was the first game to achieve widespread popularity in mainstream culture and the first game character to be popular in his own right.
Handheld electronic LCD games was introduced into the youth market segment. The primary gaming computers of the s emerged in the Commodore 64 and ZX Spectrum.
It was bundled with Super Mario Bros. The NES dominated the American and Japanese market until the rise of the next generation of consoles in the early s, causing some to call this time the Nintendo era.
Nine years later, in , Nirvana drummer Dave Grohl took a leave of absence from his current band, the Foo Fighters , to record drums for Killing Joke's second self-titled album.
The move surprised some Nirvana fans, given Nirvana's past conflict with Killing Joke. However, Foo Fighters had previously recorded a cover of another Killing Joke song, " Requiem ", as a B-side to their single " Everlong.
While 'Eighties' unflinchingly displays the band's aggressive punk rock roots — cold and hard to mirror the socio-political message — it also embraces dance-music grooves and a certain sort of melodic sensibility.
One main, perhaps, crucial difference between the bands is that while Kurt Cobain practiced whisper-to-a-scream vocal dynamics, Killing Joke's Jaz Coleman was almost always full-on in his approach, with a terrifying growl of a voice that is similar to that of Motörhead's Lemmy.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Killing Joke Chris Kimsey. Retrieved 2 January Retrieved 12 December The Golden Age of Music Video.
Retrieved 22 October Nirvana Pay Back Killing Joke. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 12 December December More Revelations from Jaz Coleman".
The Big Takeover. Issue 54, Summer Archived here. Interview with Big Paul Ferguson. Flaming Pablum. Official Charts Company.
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